In the field of telecommunications, the backbone is a central node in the network that usually consists of high-performance network components and is used to interconnect or link local or regional networks. The backbone often forms the top level in the hierarchical structure of the network. external-link

Backend Integration

The term backend (also called back end) refers to the area of information technology that deals with the processing and storage of data in the background of software, apps, websites, and other applications. It is the counterpart to the front end, which describes the visible user interface of applications. external-link

Base Station Subsystem

In the GSM network, the base station subsystem (BSS) ensures the connection between the mobile devices and the switching subsystem. external-link

Baseboard Management Controller 

The baseboard management controller (BMC) is a dedicated service processor that oversees the physical condition of a computer, network server, or other hardware device. It utilizes sensors and communicates with the system administrator through a separate connection, allowing for independent monitoring and management. external-link

Basic Service Set

With a WLAN according to IEEE 802.11, which is referred to as a Basic Service Set (BSS), two stations can communicate directly with each other wirelessly without the need for additional active components such as Wireless Access Points (WAP). Instead, communication is handled via the WLAN adapters or Wireless Network Interface Controllers (WNIC). external-link

Big Data

Big data refers to the vast amount of data, including both structured and unstructured data, that businesses receive regularly. The quantity of data, however, is not the crucial factor. What really counts is how organizations make use of this data. By analyzing big data, businesses can gain valuable insights that can inform better decision-making and strategic planning. external-link

Big Data Analytics

The process of analyzing big data to reveal valuable insights, such as concealed patterns, correlations, market trends, and customer preferences, is known as big data analytics. These insights can be used by organizations to make informed decisions that can positively impact their business operations. external-link

Bill of Materials

A list of components in terms of their quantity and composition forms the bill of materials of a product. This list specifies the number of parts or assemblies required at a lower level of the product structure to produce one unit of the final product at a higher level of the product structure. external-link

Blind Source Separation

The objective of blind source separation (BSS) is to separate the unknown source signals from their mixtures, and in some cases, to estimate the unknown mixing channels. BSS achieves this by using only the information available within the mixtures observed at the output of each channel, with little or no knowledge about the source signals and mixing channel. BSS has numerous potential applications in areas such as audio, speech, music, image, video, biomedical, and communication signal processing, including enhancement and recognition. external-link

Blue Screen of Death

A blue screen is a common term used to describe the display of a blue-lit screen with text that appears on Windows operating systems when a serious error occurs. This error may be triggered by various causes, such as program errors, faulty drivers, or defective hardware. external-link

Bosch Aspect Meta Model

"Bosch Aspect Meta Model" implements a semantic layer (ontology) plus modeling tools. It's used for the C-X semantic data modeling and works there as a shared service. It's OSS and published in the Open Manufacturing Platform.

Catena-X Automotive Network e.V. external-link

Branch (Git HUB)

A software repository may contain numerous software versions, which can include a beta version for experimental purposes and a stable version for production. These versions are typically organized into branches within the repository. external-link

Broadband Forum

The DSL Forum, now known as the Broadband Forum, is a global alliance of approximately 200 companies from various fields in the IT and telecommunications industry. The forum was founded in 1994 and is responsible for developing and establishing standards for the broadband market. external-link

Broker Service Provider

An intermediate party oversees a metadata repository that offers details regarding the available Data Sources within the International Data Spaces. There may exist multiple Broker Service Providers concurrently, each managing references to distinct subsets of Data Endpoints specific to their respective domains. external-link

Browser-based user interface

Provides a user interface accessible through a web browser for interacting with the Connector. The specific operations available through the interface may vary depending on the product and add-ins selected.

Data Intelligence Hub external-link


The baseline security level for cloud computing is established by the cloud computing compliance criteria catalogue (C5), which was first introduced by BSI Germany, the Federal Office for Information Security, in 2016 and subsequently updated in 2020. external-link

Building Automation Control Network

It is a protocol for building automation and building control, specifically designed for communication between controllers, sensors and actuators in data networks. external-link

Business Application Research Center

The Business Application Research Center (BARC) is an analyst and consulting firm for enterprise software, with a focus on areas such as Business Intelligence (BI), Enterprise Content Management (ECM), Customer Relationship Management (CRM), and Enterprise Resource Planning. external-link

Business Support Systems

A set of business components used in networking to assist service providers in obtaining customer insights, creating real-time subscriptions, and introducing new revenue-generating services is called a Business Support System (BSS). BSS is essential because it enables service providers to enhance business services by supporting and extending their operations. All service providers, including mobile, fixed, and cable networks, utilize business support systems. A BSS is also referred to as an Operational Support System (OSS). external-link

Business to Employee

The term B2E (Business to Employee) refers to the business interactions and communication that occur between a company and its employees within the realm of e-business. This area encompasses various administrative and organizational tasks, including but not limited to travel planning and booking, electronic invoicing with accounting, procurement, and communication with field staff. external-link


B2C represents the acronym for Business to Consumer and is used to describe the e-commerce or m-commerce transactions between companies and end-users. external-link