A Kubernetes object is a component of the Kubernetes system that represents the current state of your cluster in the Kubernetes API. These objects are typically viewed as a "record of intent," as their creation signals to the Kubernetes control plane the desired state of a particular aspect of your workload. Once created, the Kubernetes control plane continually works to ensure that the object is accurately represented in the current state of the cluster. In essence, by defining a Kubernetes object, you are specifying the desired state of that particular component of your cluster's workload.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

Object Database

Objektdatenbanken werden seit vielen Jahren eingesetzt und sind eng mit objektorientierten Programmiersprachen integriert. Sie sind auch in einer NoSQL-Variante verfügbar. Objektdatenbanken bieten Vorteile bei der gleichzeitigen Bearbeitung mehrerer Benutzeraktivitäten, der effizienten Navigation von Objekten und sind besonders für verteilte Architekturen geeignet. Diese Datenbanken folgen dem gleichen Modell wie objektorientierte Programmiersprachen wie C#, Java, Objective-C, Perl, Python, Ruby oder Smalltalk, unter anderem.

https://www.bitkom.org/sites/default/files/file/import/140228-Big-Data-Technologien-Wissen-fuer-Entscheider.pdf external-link

Object Database Management System

An object database management system is a database management system (DBMS) designed specifically for managing object-oriented data. It enables the storage, management and retrieval of data objects that may have complex structures and inheritance hierarchies. Object database management systems provide advanced features to support object-oriented programming and data modeling.

https://www.techopedia.com/definition/12027/object-oriented-database-management-system-oodbms external-link

Offering Management Process

The offering management process refers to the structured and strategic approach taken by organizations to develop, launch, and manage their products or services in the market. It involves activities such as market research, product planning, pricing, positioning, go-to-market strategies, and ongoing product lifecycle management. The offering management process aims to ensure that products or services meet customer needs, achieve business objectives, and stay competitive in the market.

https://variantum.com/what-is-offering-management#:~:text=is%20a%20set%20of%20tools,a%20company%20offers%20for%20sale. external-link


The principle of offloading is to route data streams via fixed-network infrastructures instead of via mobile communications facilities. The aim of this is to avoid bottlenecks in mobile data transmission by using higher bandwidths of fixed-network connections.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/offloading/ external-link

On Board Unit

On-Board-Units (OBU) are intelligent functional units integrated into motor vehicles. Their primary purpose is to automatically detect and process toll charges for distances covered during journeys. However, OBUs have versatile applications beyond this scope. They can be utilized for navigation, route planning, as well as for recording and storing vehicle diagnostic and emergency data. Moreover, OBUs facilitate seamless communication protocols, including Car-to-Car Communication (C2C), Car-to-Roadside Communication (C2R), and Car-to-Infrastructure Communication (C2I). In these setups, the On-Board-Unit establishes communication with the Roadside Units (RSU).

https://itwissen.info/On-Board-Unit-on-board-unit-automotive-OBU.html external-link

On premises

Whether the components can be run, in part or in full, on customer premises.

Data Intelligence Hub


On-Premise, also known as on-prem or on-premises, refers to the deployment and hosting of software or IT infrastructure within an organization's own physical premises or data centers. In this model, organizations are responsible for the acquisition, installation, maintenance, and management of the software or infrastructure, including hardware, servers, and networking equipment. On-Premise solutions offer organizations greater control and customization but require higher upfront costs and ongoing

https://www.cloudcomputing-insider.de/was-ist-on-premises-a-f20cfc9b4abfecaacd6b88ef817b2993/ external-link

Onboarding and Accreditation Workflow

The Onboarding and Accreditation Workflow (OAW) is a Compliance category Federation Service that pertains to the initial onboarding and accreditation process for Gaia-X Participants.

https://www.gxfs.eu/de/glossar/ external-link

Online Analytic Processing

Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a computing technique that allows users to effortlessly extract and query data, facilitating analysis from various perspectives. OLAP queries in business intelligence are frequently utilized for trend analysis, financial reporting, sales forecasting, budgeting, and other planning endeavors.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchdatamanagement/definition/OLAP external-link

Online Self Assessments

Online Self Assessments are tests for orientation in the choice of a course of study, which are carried out via the Internet. Prospective students can use them to find out for themselves whether their interests, abilities, expectations and ideas match the requirements and circumstances of a course of study. There are two types of OSA: interest and expectation tests.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/osa/ external-link

Online Transaction Processing

Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) refers to a type of database transactions. OLTP is characterized by a combination of read and write queries involving a small number of rows, typically processed using index structures. In contrast, OLAP refers to the processing of analytical queries.

https://www.oracle.com/database/what-is-oltp/#:~:text=OLTP%20or%20Online%20Transaction%20Processing,sending%20text%20messages%2C%20for%20example. external-link

Online Tutoring

Teaching and learning platforms or systems support time- and location-independent tutoring and mentoring of teachers and learners via the Internet.

https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/everything-you-need-know-about-online-tutoring external-link


A knowledge base is comprised of an ontology and a collection of individual instances belonging to various classes.

https://protege.stanford.edu/publications/ontology_development/ontology101-noy-mcguinness.html external-link

OPC Unified Architecture

The OPC Foundation offers a communication platform that works independently of hardware and operating system. This infrastructure allows secure data exchange as well as information exchange between different applications. At the same time, integrated IT security is guaranteed.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/opc-ua/ external-link


The organization responsible for establishing the standardization of OPC UA.

https://www.opcfoundation.org external-link

Open Access

The open access model enables non-discriminatory access to broadband networks and their applications for third-party providers. The aim is to promote competition between network and service providers on the infrastructure.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/open-access/ external-link

Open Data

Open Data refers to the practice of publicly releasing and making available standardized data that is freely accessible to everyone. This is an open data approach that aims to facilitate and promote access to and use of information.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/open-data/ external-link

Open Database Connectivity

Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is a standardized database interface that employs SQL as its language for interacting with databases. It provides developers with a programming interface (API) that allows them to create applications with a certain level of independence from the specific database management system (DBMS) being used, as long as there is an available ODBC driver for that system.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchoracle/definition/Open-Database-Connectivity external-link

Open Document Format

Various application programs implement open file formats for storing office documents, some of which are described by international standards.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/odf/ external-link

Open Ecosystem

A data ecosystem is a robust platform that consolidates data from multiple sources and creates value by leveraging processed data.

https://www.mckinsey.com/capabilities/mckinsey-digital/our-insights/tech-forward/data-ecosystems-made-simple external-link

Open Educational Resources

Open Educational Resources (OER) include free educational content, research resources, software and licenses available on the Internet. The creation and dissemination of this content is based on new processes and methods that also use Web 2.0 services.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/open-educational-resources/ external-link

Open Government

Open government refers to the efforts of politicians and public administrators to make targeted use of modern information and communication technologies in order to create new forms of transparency, participation and cooperation between various social actors.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/open-government/ external-link

Open Office XML

The Open Office XML open standard uses XML-based file formats to store office documents. This standard facilitates the exchange of data and files between different office application packages.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ooxml/ external-link

Open Source Software

The Open Source Initiative (OSI) has defined criteria that must be met by software to be considered open source. This concept allows programs to be published together with their source code and to be viewed and modified by anyone.

http://wirtschaftslexikon.gabler.de/Definition/open-source.html external-link


OpenStack is an open-source, no-cost cloud computing platform that follows standard practices. Its main application is in the form of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS).

https://www.gxfs.eu/de/glossar/ external-link

Operational Data Store

The operational data store (ODS) is a database utilized as an interim logical space within a data warehouse framework. Its primary purpose is to consolidate data from various sources, enabling efficient processing for operational reporting and real-time analysis tasks.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchoracle/definition/operational-data-store external-link

Operational Efficiency

Operational efficiency refers to the ability of an organization to optimize its operations and resources in order to achieve maximum productivity and cost-effectiveness. It involves streamlining processes, eliminating wasteful activities, improving workflow, and leveraging technology and automation to enhance efficiency. Operational efficiency aims to minimize resource utilization, reduce errors and delays, and deliver products or services in a timely and efficient manner.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchbusinessanalytics/definition/operational-efficiency external-link

Operational Expenditures

Operating expenses relate to the current costs incurred for functioning business operations. In contrast, capital expenditures are made for long-term fixed assets. OPEX therefore includes expenses such as raw materials, supplies, personnel, leasing and energy. These costs are recognized in full in the balance sheet.

http://wirtschaftslexikon.gabler.de/Definition/opex.html external-link