A Kubernetes object is a component of the Kubernetes system that represents the current state of your cluster in the Kubernetes API. These objects are typically viewed as a "record of intent," as their creation signals to the Kubernetes control plane the desired state of a particular aspect of your workload. Once created, the Kubernetes control plane continually works to ensure that the object is accurately represented in the current state of the cluster. In essence, by defining a Kubernetes object, you are specifying the desired state of that particular component of your cluster's workload.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link


The principle of offloading is to route data streams via fixed-network infrastructures instead of via mobile communications facilities. The aim of this is to avoid bottlenecks in mobile data transmission by using higher bandwidths of fixed-network connections.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/offloading/ external-link

On premises

Whether the components can be run, in part or in full, on customer premises.

Data Intelligence Hub external-link

Onboarding and Accreditation Workflow

The Onboarding and Accreditation Workflow (OAW) is a Compliance category Federation Service that pertains to the initial onboarding and accreditation process for Gaia-X Participants.

https://www.gxfs.eu/de/glossar/ external-link

Online Self Assessments

Online Self Assessments are tests for orientation in the choice of a course of study, which are carried out via the Internet. Prospective students can use them to find out for themselves whether their interests, abilities, expectations and ideas match the requirements and circumstances of a course of study. There are two types of OSA: interest and expectation tests.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/osa/ external-link

Online Tutoring

Teaching and learning platforms or systems support time- and location-independent tutoring and mentoring of teachers and learners via the Internet.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/online-tutoring/ external-link

OPC Unified Architecture

The OPC Foundation offers a communication platform that works independently of hardware and operating system. This infrastructure allows secure data exchange as well as information exchange between different applications. At the same time, integrated IT security is guaranteed.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/opc-ua/ external-link

Open Access

The open access model enables non-discriminatory access to broadband networks and their applications for third-party providers. The aim is to promote competition between network and service providers on the infrastructure.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/open-access/ external-link

Open Data

Open Data refers to the practice of publicly releasing and making available standardized data that is freely accessible to everyone. This is an open data approach that aims to facilitate and promote access to and use of information.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/open-data/ external-link

Open Document Format

Various application programs implement open file formats for storing office documents, some of which are described by international standards.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/odf/ external-link

Open Ecosystem

A data ecosystem is a robust platform that consolidates data from multiple sources and creates value by leveraging processed data.

https://www.mckinsey.com/capabilities/mckinsey-digital/our-insights/tech-forward/data-ecosystems-made-simple external-link

Open Educational Resources

Open Educational Resources (OER) include free educational content, research resources, software and licenses available on the Internet. The creation and dissemination of this content is based on new processes and methods that also use Web 2.0 services.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/open-educational-resources/ external-link

Open Government

Open government refers to the efforts of politicians and public administrators to make targeted use of modern information and communication technologies in order to create new forms of transparency, participation and cooperation between various social actors.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/open-government/ external-link

Open Office XML

The Open Office XML open standard uses XML-based file formats to store office documents. This standard facilitates the exchange of data and files between different office application packages.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ooxml/ external-link

Open Source Software

The Open Source Initiative (OSI) has defined criteria that must be met by software to be considered open source. This concept allows programs to be published together with their source code and to be viewed and modified by anyone.

http://wirtschaftslexikon.gabler.de/Definition/open-source.html external-link


OpenStack is an open-source, no-cost cloud computing platform that follows standard practices. Its main application is in the form of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS).

https://www.gxfs.eu/de/glossar/ external-link

Operational Expenditures

Operating expenses relate to the current costs incurred for functioning business operations. In contrast, capital expenditures are made for long-term fixed assets. OPEX therefore includes expenses such as raw materials, supplies, personnel, leasing and energy. These costs are recognized in full in the balance sheet.

http://wirtschaftslexikon.gabler.de/Definition/opex.html external-link

Operational information system

The sum of internal and external information links regulated within and outside a company, as well as the technical and organizational infrastructure for obtaining and processing information.

https://wirtschaftslexikon.gabler.de/definition/informationssystem-41571 external-link

Operational sovereignty

Operational sovereignty assures customers that their workloads cannot be compromised by cloud provider employees. This allows customers to take advantage of the benefits of a multi-tenant environment, while maintaining a level of control similar to that of a traditional on-premises setup.

https://cloud.google.com/blog/products/identity-security/how-google-cloud-is-addressing-data-sovereignty-in-europe-2020?hl=en external-link

Operator pattern

The Operator pattern is a design approach that connects one or more custom resources to a Controller. With Kubernetes, you can expand the built-in controllers by introducing new ones to your cluster. An instance of the Operator pattern is when a running application functions as a controller and has API access to perform actions against a custom resource that has been defined in the control plane. By doing so, the Operator pattern can automate complex, application-specific tasks within the Kubernetes environment.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link


Automated configuration, coordination, and management of computer systems and software is referred to as orchestration in the field of system administration.

Erl, Thomas (2005). Service-Oriented Architecture: Concepts, Technology & Design. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-185858-0. external-link

Order Entry

This refers to the act of inputting an order into the company's record-keeping system. After the order has been entered, the company can access details about it and make any required adjustments to the record.

http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/order-entry.html external-link

Orthogonal Frequency Divison Multiple Access

The modulation method called Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) is used successfully in WiMAX and LTE because it is extremely effective.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ofdma/ external-link

Outgoing Traffic (in GB)

Maximum amount of data that can be transferred to a Consumer residing on a different cloud provider / location, before additional costs are incurred.

Data Intelligence Hub external-link