E-business, also known as electronic business, refers to the implementation of various online business operations using the web, internet, extranet, or a combination of these platforms. These operations encompass a wide range of business processes, such as purchasing and selling goods and services, customer service, payment processing, supply chain management, collaboration with business partners, information sharing, automated employee services, and recruitment of new employees. E-business encompasses both customer-facing activities, internal operations, and management-focused tasks, all of which are conducted electronically.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchcio/definition/e-business external-link


Elektronische Gesundheit (E-Health) ist ein Sammelbegriff für verschiedene elektronisch unterstützte Aktivitäten im Gesundheitswesen. Es umfasst die Gesamtheit aller elektronischen Anwendungen zur medizinischen Versorgung, obwohl es keine einheitliche rechtliche Definition dafür gibt.

https://wirtschaftslexikon.gabler.de/definition/electronic-health-54124 external-link


A classification system for industrial products and services, providing standardized information management for procurement, storage, production, and distribution activities in multiple sectors, countries, and languages.

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-3-030-93975-5.pdf external-link

Eclipse Dataspace Components

The Eclipse Dataspace Components (EDC) project, governed by the Eclipse Foundation, is an open-source initiative that offers a comprehensive suite of components for implementing dataspaces in accordance with IDSA requirements on IDS protocol, RAM rules and agreements, and IDSA certification scheme compliance.

https://internationaldataspaces.org/eclipse-dataspace-components-and-idsa-lets-build-our-data-driven-future-together/ external-link

EDC (Eclipse Dataspace Connector)

OpenSource IDS Connector (see below) implementation Designated successor of Fraunhofer Dataspace Connector (DSC) Designed to easily integrate upcoming Gaia-X services and to be customizable by extensions.

https://www.isst.fraunhofer.de/en/news/press_releases/2021/PR_HM21_en.html external-link


eIDAS is an EU regulation that ensures secure and trusted electronic transactions. It sets standards for electronic identification, electronic signatures, seals, and time stamps. It promotes cross-border interoperability and builds trust in digital communications within the EU.

https://www.bsi.bund.de/DE/Themen/Oeffentliche-Verwaltung/eIDAS-Verordnung/eidas-verordnung_node.html external-link

Electronic Medical Record (EFA)

The EFA is a communication platform designed for doctors. Its structure is designed to connect doctors across sectors and facility boundaries, enabling them to securely exchange medical information about patients they are treating together. In this context, a case file represents a medical case of a patient.

https://www.fallakte.de/ external-link

Electronic Patient Record

Contains all the necessary information for medical treatment, such as therapy reports and results, radiological images, and findings. The electronic health record enables improved transparency in information provision and ultimately leads to higher quality and more cost-effective medical care.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/elektronische-patientenakte/ external-link

Electronic Process Network in Reporting

A project initiated by the OCSI control center on behalf of the federal and state governments in July 2001 aimed to create an electronic process network among German registration offices. In an open process that included all interested parties, the critical messages of the resident registration system were standardized. XMeld relies entirely on XML and uses a transport protocol specifically developed for public administration called Online Services Computer Interface (OSCI) to ensure data protection.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/xmeld/ external-link

Electronic Transaction Processing

A digital representation of paper files that allows for various links to relevant content. The processing of this representation is done electronically.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/eakte/ external-link

Electronics Manufacturing Services

Services that cover the complete manufacturing of electronic assemblies, devices, and systems - from development to printed circuit board assembly, to sophisticated testing concepts, and worldwide delivery. EMS can be translated as manufacturing services for electronic components.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ems/ external-link

Embedded systems

Embedded systems are stand-alone small computers with microprocessors, sensors, actuators and input/output units that are used in various control and regulation tasks, e.g. in household appliances, set-top boxes, fully automatic coffee machines and MP3 players. These embedded systems are increasingly networked, have access to the Internet and are part of machine-to-machine (M2M) solutions.

https://www.techtarget.com/iotagenda/definition/embedded-system external-link


An automatic emergency call system for motor vehicles will be mandatory for all new models of cars and light commercial vehicles throughout the EU from October 2015.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ecall/ external-link

End-to-End connections

In a point-to-point connection, all application-specific functionalities are implemented in the endpoints, while the network solely handles data transport and does not provide any application-specific functions.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/end-to-end-verbindungen/ external-link


An End-User is an individual or process that is not a Principal, utilizing a digital offering from a Consumer. The End-User is identified within the context of the Consumer.

https://www.gxfs.eu/de/glossar/ external-link

Enterprise Bill of Processes/Engineering Bill of Processes

The enterprise bill of processes or engineering bill of processes is a document that serves as the equivalent of an eBOM but for process description. It aims to map the processes involved in assembly and manufacturing, but at a slightly higher level than the mBOP, in order to allow for special execution of process steps specific to a manufacturing site. The document does not distinguish whether these variations occur within different manufacturing sites of a single company or across multiple companies, which is why the term "Engineering Bill of Processes" may be more appropriate than "Enterprise Bill of Processes." For more information, see also BOP.

Catena-X Automotive Network e.V.

Enterprise Shared Services

Enterprise shared services refer to centralized service functions within an organization that are shared across different departments or business units. These services typically include functions such as human resources, finance, IT, procurement, and other support services.

https://www.scottmadden.com/insight/what-are-shared-services/ external-link

Ephemeral Container

An ephemeral container is a temporary container that can be added to a running Pod for troubleshooting purposes. It allows users to investigate issues within a Pod without affecting the primary workload. Unlike regular containers, ephemeral containers have no resource or scheduling guarantees and should not be used to run any part of the workload. It's important to note that ephemeral containers are not supported by static pods.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link


etcd is a key value store that provides consistent and highly-available storage for all cluster data in Kubernetes. It's important to have a backup plan for etcd data in case of failure. The official documentation provides detailed information about etcd

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link


A protocol mainly used for data transmission in local area networks (LANs). See also: LAN.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ethernet/ external-link

European Broadcasting Union

The European Broadcasting Union (EBU) is a union of currently 74 broadcasting companies from 56 countries in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East with headquarters in Geneva. In addition to the 74 full members, the EBU has 43 associate members from 22 other countries. It was founded in 1950 by initially 23 members with the aim of building a network for the exchange of news films and supporting technical developments in radio and television.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ebu/ external-link

European Commission

The European Commission is the supervisory authority of the European Union. Its responsibilities include issuing warnings, imposing fines on companies, and filing lawsuits before the European Court of Justice if EU member states violate established regulations. It is also referred to as the "Guardian of the Treaties."

https://www.bpb.de/themen/europaeische-union/dossier-europaeische-union/42952/europaeische-kommission/ external-link

European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations

The organization is an umbrella association of 48 European regulatory authorities, founded in 1959 by originally 19 authorities. The organization primarily works in three autonomous committees: the Electronic Communications Committee (ECC), the European Committee for Postal Regulation (CERP), and the Committee for ITU Policy (Com-ITU). The work is supported by an office, the European Communications Office (ECO), located in Copenhagen, Denmark.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/cept/ external-link

European Telecommunications Standards Institute

A non-profit institute that aims to create and recognize uniform standards in the field of telecommunications throughout Europe.

https://www.etsi.org/about external-link


Eviction is a mechanism in Kubernetes for terminating one or more Pods on Nodes. This process includes two different types of evictions: Node-pressure eviction and API-initiated eviction.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

Evolved Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service

A mobile service within the LTE mobile communications standard that enables efficient transmission of mobile TV and other multimedia services to many mobile users. In this case, the data is transmitted simultaneously to all users, which, in contrast to conventional methods where the data stream is sent individually to each user, results in significantly lower network traffic.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/embms/ external-link

Example Standard (ref. Policy Rules and Labelling Document)

Within the Gaia-X Labelling Criteria definition context (refer to Policy Rules and Labelling Document), potential means of implementation should be identified by example standards. These example standards ought to present possible ways for criteria implementation. It is not mandatory to comply with any of these standards or their implementations. Gaia-X may provide additional notes in case significant differences are identified. The example standards' purpose is to aid in assessing conformity with Gaia-X, as they can be viewed as "implementation guidance."

https://gaia-x.gitlab.io/glossary/example_standard/ external-link

Executive Commitee

A group of individuals who are responsible for making important decisions and overseeing the management of an organization or company.

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/executive-committee external-link

Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol

The XMPP protocol is an instant messaging protocol that is based on TCP and offers extensive additional functions. In addition to messaging, it also allows for conferences with multiple users. Using XMPP requires at least one server to act as a mediator between the individual XMPP nodes. It is also possible for multiple servers to exchange messages across domains.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/xmpp/ external-link


Extensions are additional software components that integrate with Kubernetes to support new hardware types or provide additional functionality. They are typically used by cluster administrators to extend the capabilities of Kubernetes. Hosted or distribution instances of Kubernetes often come with extensions pre-installed, so most users won't need to install or create their own extensions.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link