E-business, also known as electronic business, refers to the implementation of various online business operations using the web, internet, extranet, or a combination of these platforms. These operations encompass a wide range of business processes, such as purchasing and selling goods and services, customer service, payment processing, supply chain management, collaboration with business partners, information sharing, automated employee services, and recruitment of new employees. E-business encompasses both customer-facing activities, internal operations, and management-focused tasks, all of which are conducted electronically.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchcio/definition/e-business external-link


In a broader context, digitization encompasses the simplification and implementation of processes for information, communication, and transactions within and between state, municipal, and other government institutions, as well as between these institutions and citizens or companies, with the help of digital information and communication technologies.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/e-government/ external-link


Elektronische Gesundheit (E-Health) ist ein Sammelbegriff für verschiedene elektronisch unterstützte Aktivitäten im Gesundheitswesen. Es umfasst die Gesamtheit aller elektronischen Anwendungen zur medizinischen Versorgung, obwohl es keine einheitliche rechtliche Definition dafür gibt.

https://wirtschaftslexikon.gabler.de/definition/electronic-health-54124 external-link


The term "e-learning" refers to the promotion of learning processes by means of information and communication technologies.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/elearning/ external-link


ECL is a programmatic, data-centric language designed specifically for processing large amounts of data in an HPCC.

https://hpccsystems.com/training/documentation/learning-ecl/ external-link


A classification system for industrial products and services, providing standardized information management for procurement, storage, production, and distribution activities in multiple sectors, countries, and languages.

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-3-030-93975-5.pdf external-link

Eclipse Dataspace Components

The Eclipse Dataspace Components (EDC) project, governed by the Eclipse Foundation, is an open-source initiative that offers a comprehensive suite of components for implementing dataspaces in accordance with IDSA requirements on IDS protocol, RAM rules and agreements, and IDSA certification scheme compliance.

https://internationaldataspaces.org/eclipse-dataspace-components-and-idsa-lets-build-our-data-driven-future-together/ external-link

Economic Profit

The concept of economic profit pertains to the discrepancy between the total revenue generated from sales and the explicit costs incurred in the production of goods or services, along with any opportunity costs.

http://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/economicprofit.asp external-link

Economist Intelligence Unit

Since 1946, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) has provided high-quality, independent information, forecasts and analysis on economic and business affairs. As a unique resource, it is a trusted source for businesses, government agencies, financial institutions and academic organizations worldwide. The information provided serves business leaders as a solid basis for their decision-making.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/eiu/ external-link


An Ecosystem refers to a self-contained group of participants who directly or indirectly consume, produce, or provide services such as data, storage, computing, network services, or a combination of these. The Gaia-X Ecosystem is comprised of all the individual ecosystems that conform to Gaia-X requirements and use the Gaia-X Architecture. There may be several individual ecosystems (e.g., Catena-X) that are self-orchestrated, use the Gaia-X Architecture, and may or may not use the open-source software provided by Gaia-X Federation Services.

https://www.gxfs.eu/de/glossar/ external-link

EDC (Eclipse Dataspace Connector)

OpenSource IDS Connector (see below) implementation Designated successor of Fraunhofer Dataspace Connector (DSC) Designed to easily integrate upcoming Gaia-X services and to be customizable by extensions.

https://www.isst.fraunhofer.de/en/news/press_releases/2021/PR_HM21_en.html external-link

EDC Connector Extensions

The EDC Connector Extensions refer to additional modules that can be added to the EDC Connector to extend its functionality. These extensions include, but are not limited to, data mapping, transformation, and enrichment modules.

Data Intelligence Hub


eIDAS is an EU regulation that ensures secure and trusted electronic transactions. It sets standards for electronic identification, electronic signatures, seals, and time stamps. It promotes cross-border interoperability and builds trust in digital communications within the EU.

https://www.bsi.bund.de/DE/Themen/Oeffentliche-Verwaltung/eIDAS-Verordnung/eidas-verordnung_node.html external-link

Electromagnetic Compability

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) refers to the ability of electrical devices to operate satisfactorily without causing interference to other equipment or being affected by interference themselves.

https://www.etsi.org/technologies/emc external-link


Electromobility refers to the use of electric vehicles to meet various personal mobility needs.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/elektromobilit%C3%A4t/ external-link

Electronic Medical Record (EFA)

The EFA is a communication platform designed for doctors. Its structure is designed to connect doctors across sectors and facility boundaries, enabling them to securely exchange medical information about patients they are treating together. In this context, a case file represents a medical case of a patient.

https://www.fallakte.de/ external-link

Electronic Patient Record

Contains all the necessary information for medical treatment, such as therapy reports and results, radiological images, and findings. The electronic health record enables improved transparency in information provision and ultimately leads to higher quality and more cost-effective medical care.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/elektronische-patientenakte/ external-link

Electronic Process Network in Reporting

A project initiated by the OCSI control center on behalf of the federal and state governments in July 2001 aimed to create an electronic process network among German registration offices. In an open process that included all interested parties, the critical messages of the resident registration system were standardized. XMeld relies entirely on XML and uses a transport protocol specifically developed for public administration called Online Services Computer Interface (OSCI) to ensure data protection.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/xmeld/ external-link

Electronic Transaction Processing

A digital representation of paper files that allows for various links to relevant content. The processing of this representation is done electronically.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/eakte/ external-link

Electronics Manufacturing Services

Services that cover the complete manufacturing of electronic assemblies, devices, and systems - from development to printed circuit board assembly, to sophisticated testing concepts, and worldwide delivery. EMS can be translated as manufacturing services for electronic components.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ems/ external-link

Embedded systems

Embedded systems are stand-alone small computers with microprocessors, sensors, actuators and input/output units that are used in various control and regulation tasks, e.g. in household appliances, set-top boxes, fully automatic coffee machines and MP3 players. These embedded systems are increasingly networked, have access to the Internet and are part of machine-to-machine (M2M) solutions.

https://www.techtarget.com/iotagenda/definition/embedded-system external-link


An automatic emergency call system for motor vehicles will be mandatory for all new models of cars and light commercial vehicles throughout the EU from October 2015.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/ecall/ external-link

Emission Modelling

An important role in implementing environmentally friendly mobility concepts is played by the modeling of expected emissions (emission modeling) based on real-time environmental data and their integration into dynamic traffic control systems.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/emission-modelling/index.html external-link

End to End

A term used to describe a process or solution that encompasses all stages or components, from the beginning to the end, without any gaps or interruptions.

https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/valuation/end-to-end/ external-link

End-to-End connections

In a point-to-point connection, all application-specific functionalities are implemented in the endpoints, while the network solely handles data transport and does not provide any application-specific functions.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/end-to-end-verbindungen/ external-link


An End-User is an individual or process that is not a Principal, utilizing a digital offering from a Consumer. The End-User is identified within the context of the Consumer.

https://www.gxfs.eu/de/glossar/ external-link


In Kubernetes, Endpoints are objects that keep track of the IP addresses of Pods that match certain selectors. Endpoints can be configured manually for Services that do not have any selectors specified. However, the EndpointSlice resource is a scalable and extensible alternative to Endpoints.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link


Kubernetes provides a mechanism to group network endpoints together with resources, which is called Endpoint Slices. Endpoint Slices are a scalable and extensible way to group network endpoints together, and they can be used by kube-proxy to establish network routes on each node.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link