Accepted Standard (ref. Policy Rules and Labelling Document)

The acceptance of standards will serve as preliminary proof of meeting Gaia-X criteria when defining Gaia-X Labelling Criteria (as outlined in the Policy Rules and Labelling Document).

https://gaia-x.gitlab.io/glossary/ external-link

Adaptive learning environment

Interactive learning systems that contain personalized learning content and forms of presentation tailored to the individual learner.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/adaptive-lernumgebung/ external-link

Administration shell

The administration shell provides physical and non-physical economic goods (assets) with a standardized, multi-vendor, interoperable digital twin. The uniform format and semantics of the administration shell allow the digital twin to be used across different company boundaries and follow the asset throughout its entire life cycle.

Catena-X Automotive Network e.V.

Admission Controller

Admission controllers are code that intercepts Kubernetes API server requests before object persistence. They are configurable and can be validating, mutating, or both. They can reject requests, and mutating controllers can modify objects while validating controllers cannot. The Kubernetes documentation has information on admission controllers.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

Advanced Analytics Workbench

An advanced analytics workbench comprises a set of established tools and techniques that enable businesses to attain improved outcomes.

https://www.linkedin.com/learning/introduction-to-machine-learning-with-knime/why-use-an-analytics-workbench external-link

Advanced Data- Driven Analytics

Advanced analytics solutions utilize data-driven tools and techniques to enable accurate prediction of future events and achieve improved business outcomes, along with providing real-time insights.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchbusinessanalytics/definition/advanced-analytics external-link

Advanced Visualization

Advanced Visualization, also known as advanced visual representation, refers to interactive visual displays that assist in comprehending and communicating complex information and relationships. In contrast to simple dashboards, advanced visualizations offer the additional capability of interactively modifying the display, enabling a gradual analysis of various sub-questions. Furthermore, advanced visualizations typically incorporate coordinated multiple views, which allow interconnected aspects of the visualized data to be simultaneously presented and related to each other.

https://www.bitkom.org/sites/default/files/file/import/140228-Big-Data-Technologien-Wissen-fuer-Entscheider.pdf external-link


A professional service that offers specialized guidance in a specific field.

https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/advisory external-link

Amazon Web Services

AWS, short for Amazon Web Services, is an all-encompassing cloud computing platform provided by Amazon. It offers a mix of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), platform-as-a-service (PaaS), and software-as-a-service (SaaS) options. With AWS services, organizations can leverage tools such as compute power, database storage, and content delivery services.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchwindowsserver/definition/Microsoft external-link

Ambient Intelligence

In an ambient system, multiple objects form a unified entity, where the term "object" is broadly defined and can range from a sensor to a laptop. An ambient system has the ability to analyze data captured from the real world and respond flexibly to it. It also adapts to the individual needs of the user and seamlessly integrates new devices into the system.

http://www.fazit-forschung.de/fileadmin/_fazit-forschung/downloads/FAZIT-Schriftenreihe_Band_17.pdf external-link

Analysis object

The phrase employed to denote any items capable of being examined for their trends in value, encompassing demands and capacity, and that are accessible or eligible for a particular analysis.

Catena-X Automotive Network e.V.

Analytical Databases DWH

A database optimized for supporting business intelligence (BI) and analytical applications, usually incorporated in a data warehouse or data mart, is known as an analytic database. An analytic database, also referred to as an analytical database, is a system that is solely for read-only purposes, housing past data on various business metrics like inventory levels and sales performance. It enables business analysts, executives, and other employees to execute queries and generate reports. This database is routinely updated with the most recent transactional data from an organization's operational systems.

http://searchbusinessanalytics.techtarget.com/definition/analytic-database external-link


The utilization of software to extract insights or significance from data, which can lead to the creation of reports, status indications, or automated actions based on the received information. Analytics involves the exploration and transmission of meaningful patterns found in data. It encompasses two aspects: utilizing descriptive and predictive models to extract valuable knowledge from data (data analysis), and utilizing this understanding to suggest actions or provide guidance for decision-making (communication). Therefore, analytics focuses not only on individual analyses or steps within the analysis process, but on the entire methodology as a whole.

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/group/software-analytics/ external-link


Annotations in Kubernetes are key-value pairs that attach non-identifying metadata to objects. This metadata can be of varying size and structure, including characters not allowed in labels. Clients such as tools and libraries can retrieve this metadata.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

Apache Hadoop

The Apache Hadoop initiative creates open-source programs for dependable, extensible, decentralized computation. The Apache Hadoop software framework offers the ability to process large datasets across computer clusters through basic programming models. Its design enables it to expand from individual servers to thousands of machines that provide local computation and storage. Instead of depending on hardware for reliability, the framework detects and manages failures at the application level, delivering a highly available service on a computer cluster, each of which may be vulnerable to crashes.

https://hadoop.apache.org/ external-link

Apache Sqoop

Apache Sqoop, a tool for transferring data in Big Data environments, especially for Hadoop, offers numerous advantages. One notable advantage is that the tool enables the transfer of data from SQL databases to NoSQL infrastructures.

http://www.bigdata-insider.de/infrastruktur/articles/481205/ external-link

API Group

In Kubernetes, an API group is a collection of related paths in the API. Each group can be enabled or disabled by changing the API server's configuration. Specific resource paths can also be enabled or disabled. API groups simplify extending the Kubernetes API and are specified in REST paths and the apiVersion field of serialized objects. More information on API groups can be found in the documentation.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

API Proxy

An API proxy acts as a gateway between your developers and backend services, although its capabilities are limited compared to an API gateway. It is an intermediary that sends requests for developers and sits between the application and backend services. An API gateway provides additional features such as transmission limiting, security, and API monitoring.

https://www.data-infrastructure.eu/GAIAX/Redaktion/EN/Publications/gaia-x-technical-architecture.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=5 external-link

API-initiated eviction

API-initiated eviction in Kubernetes is when the Eviction API is used to create an Eviction object that triggers graceful pod termination, either through direct calls to the API or tools like kubectl drain. When the Eviction object is created, the API server terminates the Pod while respecting configured PodDisruptionBudgets and terminationGracePeriodSeconds. API-initiated eviction is distinct from node-pressure eviction. For more information, refer to the documentation.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

App Container

Application containers are the containers in a pod that start after any init containers have finished running. Init containers allow separation of initialization details that don't need to keep running after the application container has started. If there are no init containers configured, all containers in the pod are app containers.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

App Store

A reliable system for disseminating Data Applications with a variety of search capabilities, such as filtering by functional or non-functional attributes, pricing model, certification status, community evaluations, and more.

https://github.com/International-Data-Spaces-Association/IDS-G/tree/main/Glossary external-link

Application Developer

An application developer is someone who creates an application designed to run on a Kubernetes cluster. Their primary focus is typically on a specific part of the application, and the scope of their work can vary in size.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

Application Operation Services

Application Operation Services refer to the comprehensive range of activities and support provided to ensure the smooth operation, management, and maintenance of software applications throughout their lifecycle. These services encompass tasks such as application deployment, monitoring, performance optimization, incident management, troubleshooting, and regular updates and patches. Application Operation Services aim to ensure the availability, reliability, and optimal performance of applications, allowing businesses to effectively utilize and derive value from their software systems. They involve close collaboration between application operators and developers to address issues, implement improvements, and ensure the seamless functioning of applications to meet the needs of the organization and its users.

https://www.aiinformatics.com/workplace/support/application-operation-services/ external-link

Application portability

The process involves moving executable code developed by customers or third parties from one public or private cloud service to another.

https://gaia-x.gitlab.io/glossary/ external-link


An approver is a person who can review and give approval to code contributions related to a specific part of the Kubernetes codebase. They are responsible for ensuring that the contributions adhere to conventions, compatibility, and overall correctness, including performance and interaction with other parts of the system. Previously, approvers were known as maintainers.

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/glossary/?all=true external-link

Artificial intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is a domain of computer science focused on exhibiting intelligent behavior in machines, particularly on computers. Machine learning, knowledge-based systems, and robotics are all subcategories of artificial intelligence.

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-3-030-93975-5.pdf external-link

Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability

The term ACID stands for atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability. It serves as both an acronym and a mnemonic tool to help individuals understand and retain the four essential qualities guaranteed to every transaction by a transaction manager, also known as a transaction monitor.

https://www.techtarget.com/searchdatamanagement/definition/ACID external-link

Automatic Identification and Data Capture

AIDC, or Automatic Identification and Data Capture, refers to a diverse range of technologies that gather information from individuals, objects, images, or sounds without the need for manual data entry. These systems are employed in various sectors, such as distribution, manufacturing, transportation, medicine, government, and retail. They play a crucial role in managing inventory, delivery, assets, security, and documents.

https://www.techtarget.com/searcherp/definition/Automatic-Identification-and-Data-Capture-AIDC external-link

Autonomous platooning

Automated distance keeping and speed control systems monitor the speed and distance between vehicles in dense traffic in motorized individual transportation. This ensures efficient utilization of road capacity, optimized energy consumption, and reduced stress for the individual driver.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/autonome-kolonnenfahrt/ external-link

Average Revenue Per User

One business indicator that is of international importance, particularly in the telecommunications industry, relates to average revenue per user.

https://it-gipfelglossar.hpi-web.de/arpu/ external-link